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This guide is intended as a resource for locating information about Parkinson's Disease.
Last Updated: Dec 13, 2016 URL: http://libguides.cccneb.edu/parkinsons Print Guide RSS Updates

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Signs and Symptoms

TremorCan Occur at Rest, in the Hands, Limbs, or can be Postural

Muscular: Stiff Muscles, Difficulty Standing, Difficulty Walking, Difficulty with Bodily Movements, Involuntary Movements, Muscle Rigidity, Problems with Coordination, Rhythmic Muscle Contractions, Slow Bodily Movement, or Slow Shuffling Gait

SleepDaytime Sleepiness, Early Awakening, Nightmares, or Restless Sleep

Whole body: Fatigue, Dizziness, Poor Balance, or Restlessness

Cognitive: Amnesia, Confusion in the Evening Hours, Dementia, or Difficulty Thinking and Understanding

Speech: Impaired Voice, Soft Speech, or Voice Box Spasms

Mood: Anxiety or Apathy 

Nasal: Distorted Sense of Smell or Loss of Smell

Urinary: Dribbling of Urine or Leaking of Urine

Facial: Jaw Stiffness or Reduced Facial Expression

Also Common: Blank Stare, Constipation, Depression, Difficulty Swallowing, Drooling, Falling, Fear of Falling, Loss in Contrast Sensitivity, Neck Tightness, Small Handwriting, Trembling, Unintentional Writhing, or Weight Loss

Mayo Clinic

Google- Symptoms

 

Parkinson's Disease

            A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people. It is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine.  

Parkinson's Disease Foundation

 

Cause of Parkinson's

            Parkinson's disease to be a disorder of the central nervous system that results from the loss of cells in various parts of the brain, including a region called the substantia nigra. The substantia nigra cells produce dopamine, a chemical messenger responsible for transmitting signals within the brain that allow for coordination of movement. Loss of dopamine causes neurons to fire without normal control, leaving patients less able to direct or control their movement. Parkinson's disease is one of several diseases categorized by clinicians as movement disorders.

              The exact cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown, although research points to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.  Researchers have identified a number of rare instances where Parkinson's disease appears to be caused by a single genetic mutation. In these cases, the mutated gene is passed from generation to generation, resulting in a great number of Parkinson's disease cases within an extended family.

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WebMD

Nursing Health & Illness III

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Linda Deras, Tiffany Lyon, Amanda Raber,
Jessica Rozmiarek,
Briton Thomas
 

National Parkinson's Foundation

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Call the NPF helpline for more information on Parkinson's Disease

1-800-4PD-INFO

Available Resources

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